俯: to look down

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

俯 fǔ

verb
: to look down; to stoop

Kun Reading

俯す | ふす fusu

su verb [precursor to the modern suru]
: to lower (one’s head, gaze, etc.)

俯せ OR うつ伏せ | うつぶせ utsubuse

noun | no-adjective
: lying on one’s face; upside-down

俯く | うつむく utsumuku

godan verb with ku ending
: to hang one’s head in shame; to look downward; to cast one’s eyes down

俯す | うつぶす utsubusu

godan verb with su ending
: to lie with one’s face on the ground;
: (Archaism) to lower (one’s head, gaze, etc.)

俯け | うつむけ utsumuke

noun
: lying face down; upside down; prone

俯せる | うつぶせる utsubuseru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to lie face-down

伏せる | ふせる fuseru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
:to lay something upside down; to turn something over; to cover; to lay (pipes); to lay (an ambush); to hid

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フ fu

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替: to substitute

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

替 tì

preposition
: to substitute for; to take the place of; to replace
: for; on behalf of
: to stand in for

Kun Reading

替え | かえ kae

noun
: change; alteration; substitute; spare; proxy
: rate of exchange

替り OR 替わり OR 代わり | かわり kawari

noun | no-adjective
: substitute; replacement; substituting; replacing
: stand-in; proxy; alternate; deputy; relief; successor
: compensation; exchange; return
: second helping; another cup; seconds
: (Abbreviation) upcoming program

替る OR 替わる | かわる kawaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to succeed; to relieve; to replace
: to take the place of; to substitute for; to take over for; to represent
: to be exchanged; to change (places with); to switch

替り | がわり gawari

noun
: substitute for …

替える OR 換える | かえる kaeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to replace
: to exchange; to interchange
: to substitute

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タイ tai

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向: towards

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

向 xiàng

preposition | adverb
: towards
: to face; to turn towards
: direction
: to support; to side with
: shortly before; formerly
: always; all along

嚮 [向] xiàng

preposition
: to tend toward; to guide
: variant of 向

Kun Reading

向き | むき muki

na-adjective | noun | noun suffix
: direction; orientation; aspect; situation; exposure; suitability; tendency

向く | むく muku

godan verb with ku ending
: to face
: to turn toward
: to be suited to; to be fit for

向け | むけ muke

noun suffix
: intended for …; oriented towards …; aimed at …

向い | むかい mukai

no-adjective | noun
: facing; opposite; across the street; other side

向う | むかう mukau

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: to face
: to go towards

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

向こう | むこう mukou

noun
: opposite side; other side; opposite direction
: over there; that way; far away; beyond
: the other party; the other person
: future (starting now)

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

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コウ kou

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傍: near

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

傍 bàng

noun
: near; approaching
: to depend on
: (slang) to have an intimate relationship with somebody

Kun Reading

傍 OR 側 | そば soba

noun
: near; close; beside; vicinity; proximity; besides; while

傍 | はた hata

noun
: near; close; beside; vicinity; proximity; besides; while;
: third person

傍ら | かたわら katawara

no-adjective | adverbial noun
: side; edge; beside; besides; nearby;
: (Adverbial noun) while (doing)

On Reading

ボウ bou、 ホウ hou

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旁: side, near

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

旁 páng

noun
: beside; one side; other; side
: self
: the right-hand side of split Chinese character, often the phonetic

Kun Reading

旁 | つくり tsukuri

noun
: right half of a character when the left half is its radical

旁 | かたがた katagata

adverb | conjunction
: incidentally; at the same time

旁 | かたわら katawara

no-adjective | adverbial noun
: side; edge; beside; besides; nearby;
: while (doing)

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ボウ bou、 ホウ hou

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實: real; true

By | Language-Learning

 

實 [实] shí

adjective | adverb
: real; true; honest; really
: solid
: fruit; seed
: definitely

Kun Reading

実 | み mi

noun
: fruit; nut
: seed
: (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc.
: content; substance

実 | さね sane

noun
: (Obscure term) pit (of a fruit); stone
: core
: tongue (piece of wood used to connect two boards)
: clitoris

実 | じち jichi

noun
: truth; reality

実に | げに geni OR じつに jitsuni

adverb
: indeed; really; absolutely; truly; actually; very; quite

実 | まこと mikoto

noun | adverb
: truth; reality
: sincerity; honesty; integrity; fidelity
: (Archaism) that’s right (used when recalling forgotten information, suddenly changing the subject, etc.)

実 | むざね muzane

noun
: (Archaism) the real person; said person
: real thing; genuine article

実り | みのり minori

noun | no-adjective
: ripening (of a crop)
: crop; harvest

実る | みのる minoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to bear fruit; to ripen

実 | み mi

noun
: fruit; nut

実 | み mi

noun
: fruit; nut

On Reading

実 | じつ jitsu

noun | no-adjective
: truth; reality
: sincerity; honesty; fidelity
: content; substance
: (good) result

シツ shitsu

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慣: accustomed to; habit

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

慣 [惯] guàn

adjective | verb
: accustomed to; used to
: indulge; to spoil (a child)

Kun Reading

慣れ | なれ nare

noun | suru verb
: practice; experience

慣らす | ならす narasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to accustom

慣れる | なれる nareru

ichidan verb | intransitive verb
: to grow accustomed (to); to get too familiar with; to get used (to)
: to become domesticated; to become tame

慣らう OR 倣う | ならう narau

godan verb with u ending | intransitive verb
: to imitate; to follow; to emulate

慣らし | ならし narashi

noun
: running-in; breaking in (e.g. engine, etc.); accustomizing

慣れた | なれた nareta

noun
: experienced; practiced; familiar

慣わす | ならわす narawasu

noun
: to make (someone) learn

慣れっこ | なれっこ narekko

noun | no-adjective | na-adjective
: being used to …; getting used to …; being accustomed to; being conditioned to; be familiar with

慣わし OR 習わし | ならわし narawashi

noun | no-adjective
: customary practice; habit; traditional event

On Reading

カン kan

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救: to save

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

救 jiù

verb
: to save; to assist; to rescue

Kun Reading

救い | すくい sukui

noun | no-adjective
: help; aid; relief; (religious) salvation; (Christian) grace; providence

救う | すくう sukuu

godan verb with u ending | transitive verb
: to rescue from; to help out of; to save

救ける OR 助ける | たすける tasukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to help; to save; to rescue; to give relief to; to spare (life); to reinforce; to promote; to abet

On Reading

キュウ kyuu

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外: outside; external

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

外 wài

noun
: outside
: in addition
: foreign; external

Kun Reading

外 | そと soto

noun
: outside; exterior
: open air
: other place

外 | ほか hoka

noun | no-adjective | adverbial noun
: other (esp. places and things); the rest

外 | よそ yoso

noun
: another place; somewhere else; strange parts
: outside (one’s family or group); those people
: unrelated matter

外す | はずす hazusu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to unfasten; to undo
: to remove; to take off; to deinstall
: to leave; to step out; to slip away
: to miss (a target)

外に | ほかに hokani

adverb
: in addition; besides

外れ | はずれ hazure

noun | suffix
: end; verge; extremity; tip; outskirts

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外 | がい gai

noun suffix
: outside of; not covered by

ゲ ge

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覆: to cover

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

[复] fù


: to go and return; to return; to return to a normal or original state
: to resume
: to repeat; again
: to recover; to restore
: to turn over
: to reply; to answer; to reply to a letter
: to retaliate; to carry out

[复] fù


: to cover
: to overflow
: to overturn; to capsize
: variant of 復; to reply to a letter

[复] fù


: to repeat; to double; to overlap
: complex (not simple); compound; composite
: double
: diplo-
: duplicate; overlapping; to duplicate

Kun Reading

覆う | おおう oou

godan verb with u ending | transitive verb
:to cover; to hide; to conceal; to wrap; to disguise

覆い | おおい ooi

noun
: cover; mantle; shroud; hood

覆われ | おおわれ ooware

noun | no-adjective
: cover (e.g. of snow, trees, etc.)

覆す | くつがえす kutsugaesu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to overturn; to upset; to overthrow; to undermine

覆る | くつがえる kutsugaeru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to topple over; to be overturned; to capsize
: to be overruled; to be reversed; to be discredited

On Reading

フク fuku

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