替: to substitute

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

替 tì

preposition
: to substitute for; to take the place of; to replace
: for; on behalf of
: to stand in for

Kun Reading

替え | かえ kae

noun
: change; alteration; substitute; spare; proxy
: rate of exchange

替り OR 替わり OR 代わり | かわり kawari

noun | no-adjective
: substitute; replacement; substituting; replacing
: stand-in; proxy; alternate; deputy; relief; successor
: compensation; exchange; return
: second helping; another cup; seconds
: (Abbreviation) upcoming program

替る OR 替わる | かわる kawaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to succeed; to relieve; to replace
: to take the place of; to substitute for; to take over for; to represent
: to be exchanged; to change (places with); to switch

替り | がわり gawari

noun
: substitute for …

替える OR 換える | かえる kaeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to replace
: to exchange; to interchange
: to substitute

On Reading

タイ tai

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由: reason; from

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

由 yóu

preposition
: to follow
: from
: it is for…to
: reason; cause; because of; due to
: to
: to leave it (to somebody)
: by (introduces passive verb)

Kun Reading

由 | よし yoshi

noun
: reason; significance; cause

由る OR 因る | よる yoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to be due to; to be caused by
: to depend on; to turn on
: to be based on; to come from

On Reading

ユ yu、 ユウ yuu、 ユイ yui

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向: towards

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

向 xiàng

preposition | adverb
: towards
: to face; to turn towards
: direction
: to support; to side with
: shortly before; formerly
: always; all along

嚮 [向] xiàng

preposition
: to tend toward; to guide
: variant of 向

Kun Reading

向き | むき muki

na-adjective | noun | noun suffix
: direction; orientation; aspect; situation; exposure; suitability; tendency

向く | むく muku

godan verb with ku ending
: to face
: to turn toward
: to be suited to; to be fit for

向け | むけ muke

noun suffix
: intended for …; oriented towards …; aimed at …

向い | むかい mukai

no-adjective | noun
: facing; opposite; across the street; other side

向う | むかう mukau

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: to face
: to go towards

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

向こう | むこう mukou

noun
: opposite side; other side; opposite direction
: over there; that way; far away; beyond
: the other party; the other person
: future (starting now)

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

On Reading

コウ kou

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如: as if, like

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

如 rú

verb | preposition | conjunction
: as; as if
: if; supposing
: such as, like

Kun Reading

如 | ごと goto

adverbial noun
: like; similar to; same as

如く | しく shiku

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: (Archaism) to match; to equal
: to catch up with; to overtake

如し | ごとし gotoshi

noun | suffix
: like; as if; the same as

如き | ごとき gotoki

noun | suffix
: like; similar to; same as

如く | ごとく gotoku

adverb
: like; similar to; same as

On Reading

如 | にょ nyou

noun | buddhist term
: tathata (the ultimate nature of all things)

ジョ jo

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同: same; together

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

同 tóng

adjective | preposition | adverb
: like; same; similar; alike
: together; with

Kun Reading

同じ | おなじ onaji

noun or verb acting prenominally | noun
: same; identical; equal; uniform; equivalent; similar; common (origin); changeless; alike
: (Adverb) (usu. part of a ‘nara’ conditional) anyway; anyhow; in either case

On Reading

同 | どう dou

prefix
: the same; the said; ibid

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隨: to follow

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

隨 [随] suí

adjective | preposition | adverb
: to follow; to comply with; to listen to
: varying according to…
: to allow
: subsequently, then

Kun Reading

隨う (outdated) OR 従う | したがう shitagau

godan verb with u ending | intransitive verb
: to abide (by the rules); to obey; to follow; to accompany

On Reading

ズイ zui

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論: to discuss | the Analects

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

論 [论] lùn

verb | preposition
: opinion; view
: theory; doctrine; discourse
: to discuss; to talk about; to regard; to consider
: per; by the (kilometer, hour etc)

論 [论] lún

noun
: abbr. for 論語 [论语], The Analects (of Confucius)

Kun Reading

論う | あげつらう agetsurau

godan verb with u ending | transitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to discuss
: to find fault with; to criticize

論じる OR 論ずる | ろんじる ronjiru OR ろんずる ronzuru

ichidan verb | transitive verb | zuru verb
: to argue; to discuss; to debate

On Reading

論 | ろん ron

noun
: argument; discussion; dispute; controversy; discourse; debate
: theory; doctrine
: essay; treatise; comment

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按: to press down with hand

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

按 àn

verb | preposition
: to press; to push
: to leave aside or shelve
: to control; to restrain
: to keep one’s hand on
: to check or refer to
: according to
: in the light of
: (of an editor or author) to make a comment

Kun Reading

按じる OR 按ずる | あんじる anjiru OR あんずる anzuru

ichidan verb | transitive verb | zuru verb
: to be anxious or concerned about; to ponder (anxiously); to fear
: to investigate; to consider; to plan
: to pat; to rub; to take a sword in one’s hand

抑える OR 押える | おさえる osaeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to pin something down; to hold something down; to hold something back; to stop; to restrain; to curb
: to seize; to grasp; to arrest
: to gain control of something; to govern; to keep down (e.g. information); to suppress
: to catch happening; to determine (important points); to find (proof); to understand

調べる | しらべる shiraberu

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to examine; to investigate; to check up; to sense; to study; to inquire; to search

On Reading

アン an

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照: shine; reflect

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

照 zhào

verb | preposition | adverb
: according to; in accordance with
: to shine; to illuminate
: to reflect; to look at (one’s reflection)
: to take (a photo); photo
: as requested; as before

Kun Reading

照る | てる teru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to shine
: to look slightly upward (of a noh mask; indicating joy, etc.)

照り | てり teri

noun
: sunshine; dry weather; luster; lustre

照らす | てらす terasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to shine on; to illuminate

照れる | てれる tereru

ichidan verb | intransitive verb
: to be shy; to be bashful; to feel awkward; to feel embarrassed

On Reading

ショウ shou

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據: according to; to occupy, seize

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

據 [据] jù

preposition
: according to
: to act in accordance with
: to depend on
: to seize; to occupy

據 [据] jū

Kun Reading

拠る | よる yoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to be due to; to be caused by
: to depend on; to turn on
: to be based on; to come from

拠 | よりどころ yoridokoro

noun
: grounds; foundation; authority; support; something upon which to rely

On Reading

キョ kyo
コ ko

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