甲: first heavenly stems; armor

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

甲 jiā

noun
: first of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干; (used for an unspecified person or thing)
: first (in a list, as a party to a contract etc)
: letter “A” or roman “I” in list “A, B, C”, or “I, II, III”, etc
: armor plating; shell or carapace; (of the fingers or toes) nail; bladed leather or metal armor (old)
: ranking system used in the Imperial examinations (old)
: civil administration unit (old)
: ancient Chinese compass point: 75°

Kun Reading

甲 OR 兜 | かぶと kabuto

noun
: helmet (of armor); headpiece

甲 | きのえ kinoe

noun
: first sign of the Chinese calendar

甲 OR 鎧 | よろい yoroi

noun
: armor

On Reading

甲 | こう kou

noun
: carapace; shell
: 1st in rank; grade A
: instep; back of hand
: the A party (e.g. in a contract); the first party

甲 | かん kan

noun
: treble range (in Japanese music); high note

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申: to extend; 9th earthly branch

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

申 shēn

noun
: to extend
: to state; to explain
: 9th earthly branch: 3-5 p.m., 7th solar month (7th August-7th September), year of the Monkey
: ancient Chinese compass point: 240°
: old name for Shanghai 上海

Kun Reading

申 | さる saru

noun
: ninth sign of Chinese zodiac (The Monkey, 3pm-5pm, west-southwest, July)

申す | もうす mousu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to say; to be called
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to do

申し | もうし moushi

interjection
: excuse me! (when calling out to someone)

On Reading

シン shin

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令: order; to command

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

令 lìng

adjective | verb
: to order; to command
: an order; warrant; writ
: to cause; to make something happen
: virtuous; honorific title
: season
: government position (old)

令 líng

令 lǐng


: measure word for a ream of paper

Kun Reading

令む | しむ shimu

godan verb with mu ending
: to make happen (old causative verbal ending)

令する | れいする reisuru

suru verb – special class | transitive verb
: to command; to order

言付け | いいつけ iitsuke

noun
: order; command
: directions; instructions

On Reading

令 | れい rei

noun | noun suffix
: command; order; dictation

令 | りょう ryou

noun
: administrative and civil code

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向: towards

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

向 xiàng

preposition | adverb
: towards
: to face; to turn towards
: direction
: to support; to side with
: shortly before; formerly
: always; all along

嚮 [向] xiàng

preposition
: to tend toward; to guide
: variant of 向

Kun Reading

向き | むき muki

na-adjective | noun | noun suffix
: direction; orientation; aspect; situation; exposure; suitability; tendency

向く | むく muku

godan verb with ku ending
: to face
: to turn toward
: to be suited to; to be fit for

向け | むけ muke

noun suffix
: intended for …; oriented towards …; aimed at …

向い | むかい mukai

no-adjective | noun
: facing; opposite; across the street; other side

向う | むかう mukau

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: to face
: to go towards

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

向こう | むこう mukou

noun
: opposite side; other side; opposite direction
: over there; that way; far away; beyond
: the other party; the other person
: future (starting now)

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

On Reading

コウ kou

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誤: mistake; err

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

誤 [误] wù

adjective | adverb
: mistake; error
: to miss
: to harm
: to delay
: to neglect
: mistakenly

Kun Reading

誤り | あやまり ayamari

noun
: error; mistake; slip; bug

誤る | あやまる ayamaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to make a mistake; to err
: to mislead; to misguide

誤ち | あやまち ayamachi

noun
: fault; error; indiscretion; faux pas

誤つ | あやまつ ayamatsu

godan verb with tu ending | intransitive verb
: to err

On Reading

ゴ go

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保: to protect

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

保 bǎo

verb
: to defend; to protect
: to keep
: to guarantee; to ensure
: Bulgaria; Bulgarian; abbr. for 保加利亚

Kun Reading

保つ | たもつ tamotsu

godan verb with tu ending | transitive verb
: to keep; to preserve; to hold; to retain; to maintain; to support; to sustain; to last; to endure
: to keep well (Food term)
: to wear well; to be durable

On Reading

ホ ho、ホウ hou

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窮: poor

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

窮 [穷] qióng

adjective
: poor; destitute
: to use up; to exhaust
: thoroughly; extremely
: (coll.) persistently and pointlessly

Kun Reading

窮み | きわみ kiwami

noun
: height; acme; extremity

窮まる | きわまる kiwamaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to terminate; to reach an extreme; to take to the extreme; to be in a dilemma; to be at an end

窮める | きわめる kiwameru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to carry to extremes; to go to the end of something
: to investigate thoroughly; to master

窮す | きゅうす kyuusu

godan verb with su ending | intransitive verb
: to be hard pressed; to be at a loss
: to become poor; to be reduced to poverty

窮する | きゅうする kyuusuru

suru verb – special class
: to be hard pressed; to be at a loss
: to become poor; to be reduced to poverty

On Reading

キュウ kyuu、
キョウ kyou

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究: investigate

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

究 jīu


: after all
: to investigate; to study carefully

Kun Reading

究める | きわめる kiwameru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to carry to extremes; to go to the end of something
: to investigate thoroughly; to master

極まる OR 窮まる | きわまる kiwamaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to terminate; to reach an extreme; to take to the extreme; to be in a dilemma; to be at an end

On Reading

キュウ kyuu、
ク ku

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陪: to accompany

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

陪 péi

verb
: to accompany; to keep somebody company; to assist; old variant of 赔

Kun Reading
none applicable

従う OR 随う OR 順う | したがう shitagau

godan verb with u ending | intransitive verb
: to abide (by the rules); to obey; to follow; to accompany

On Reading

バイ bai


: obeisance, follow, accompany, attend on

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