申: to extend; 9th earthly branch

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning | No Comments

 

申 shēn

noun
: to extend
: to state; to explain
: 9th earthly branch: 3-5 p.m., 7th solar month (7th August-7th September), year of the Monkey
: ancient Chinese compass point: 240°
: old name for Shanghai 上海

Kun Reading

申 | さる saru

noun
: ninth sign of Chinese zodiac (The Monkey, 3pm-5pm, west-southwest, July)

申す | もうす mousu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to say; to be called
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to do

申し | もうし moushi

interjection
: excuse me! (when calling out to someone)

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シン shin

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昂: to lift; to raise

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昂 áng


: to lift; to raise
: to raise one’s head; proud, bold
: high; high spirits; soaring
: expensive

Kun Reading

昂り OR 高ぶり | たかぶり takaburi

noun
: excitement; stimulation; agitation; arousal
: pride; haughtiness; arrogance

昂る OR 高ぶる | たかぶる takaburu

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to be highly strung; to be proud; to be haughty
: to get excited; to get worked up

昂じる OR 高じる OR 昂ずる OR 高ずる | こうじる koujiru OR こうずる kouzuru

ichidan verb | intransitive verb | zuru verb
: to grow in intensity; to be aggravated; to get worse; to develop

高い | たかい takai

adjective
: high; tall
: expensive

On Reading

コウ kou、 ゴウ gou

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去: to go; leave

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music
 

去 qù

verb | adverb
: to go; to go to (a place)
: to leave; to depart
: (of a time etc) last
: just passed
: to send
: to remove; to get rid of; to reduce
: to be apart from in space or time
: to die (euphemism)
: to play (a part)
: (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do something
: (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)
: (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

Kun Reading

去る | さる saru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to leave; to go away
: to pass; to elapse
: to be distant
: to send away; to drive off; to divorce
: (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) … completely
: (Pre-noun adjectival) last … (e.g. “last April”)

去ぬ | いぬ inu

godan verb with nu ending
: (Archaism) to go
: to pass (of time)
: to die
: to go bad; to rot
: (Kansai dialect) to go home

去なす | いなす inasu

godan verb with nu ending
: to parry; to sidestep; to let go; to chase away

On Reading

キョ kyo、 コ ko

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蕾: bud

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

蕾 lěi


: bud

Kun Reading

蕾 OR 莟 | つぼみ tsubomi

noun
: bud; flower bud
: promising young person; budding beauty

蕾む | つぼむ tsubomu

godan verb with mu ending | intransitive verb
: to bud; to be budding

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ライ rai

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詛: curse

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

詛 [诅] zǔ


: curse; swear (oath)

Kun Reading

詛い OR 呪い | のろい noroi

noun
: curse; spell; malediction

詛う OR 呪う | のろう norou

godan verb with u ending | transitive verb
: to curse; to put a curse on; to detest intensely

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ソ so、 ショ sho

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組: class; group

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

組 [组] zǔ

noun | verb
: to form; to organize
: group; team
: measure word for sets, series, groups of people, batteries
: (Chinese surname)

Kun Reading

組 | くみ kumi

noun
: set (of items)
: group (of people); class (of students); company (esp. construction); family (i.e. mafia); team
: typesetting; composition

組む | くむ kumu

godan verb with mu ending
: to cross (legs or arms); to link (arms)
: to put together; to construct; to assemble; to produce (e.g. TV program)
: to braid; to plait
: to grapple; to wrestle
: to unite; to link up; to form an alliance
: to set (e.g. type)
: to issue (e.g. money order)

On Reading

ソ so

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替: to substitute

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

替 tì

preposition
: to substitute for; to take the place of; to replace
: for; on behalf of
: to stand in for

Kun Reading

替え | かえ kae

noun
: change; alteration; substitute; spare; proxy
: rate of exchange

替り OR 替わり OR 代わり | かわり kawari

noun | no-adjective
: substitute; replacement; substituting; replacing
: stand-in; proxy; alternate; deputy; relief; successor
: compensation; exchange; return
: second helping; another cup; seconds
: (Abbreviation) upcoming program

替る OR 替わる | かわる kawaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to succeed; to relieve; to replace
: to take the place of; to substitute for; to take over for; to represent
: to be exchanged; to change (places with); to switch

替り | がわり gawari

noun
: substitute for …

替える OR 換える | かえる kaeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to replace
: to exchange; to interchange
: to substitute

On Reading

タイ tai

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令: order; to command

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

令 lìng

adjective | verb
: to order; to command
: an order; warrant; writ
: to cause; to make something happen
: virtuous; honorific title
: season
: government position (old)

令 líng

令 lǐng


: measure word for a ream of paper

Kun Reading

令む | しむ shimu

godan verb with mu ending
: to make happen (old causative verbal ending)

令する | れいする reisuru

suru verb – special class | transitive verb
: to command; to order

言付け | いいつけ iitsuke

noun
: order; command
: directions; instructions

On Reading

令 | れい rei

noun | noun suffix
: command; order; dictation

令 | りょう ryou

noun
: administrative and civil code

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由: reason; from

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

由 yóu

preposition
: to follow
: from
: it is for…to
: reason; cause; because of; due to
: to
: to leave it (to somebody)
: by (introduces passive verb)

Kun Reading

由 | よし yoshi

noun
: reason; significance; cause

由る OR 因る | よる yoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to be due to; to be caused by
: to depend on; to turn on
: to be based on; to come from

On Reading

ユ yu、 ユウ yuu、 ユイ yui

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