去: to go; leave

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去 qù

verb | adverb
: to go; to go to (a place)
: to leave; to depart
: (of a time etc) last
: just passed
: to send
: to remove; to get rid of; to reduce
: to be apart from in space or time
: to die (euphemism)
: to play (a part)
: (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do something
: (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)
: (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

Kun Reading

去る | さる saru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to leave; to go away
: to pass; to elapse
: to be distant
: to send away; to drive off; to divorce
: (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) … completely
: (Pre-noun adjectival) last … (e.g. “last April”)

去ぬ | いぬ inu

godan verb with nu ending
: (Archaism) to go
: to pass (of time)
: to die
: to go bad; to rot
: (Kansai dialect) to go home

去なす | いなす inasu

godan verb with nu ending
: to parry; to sidestep; to let go; to chase away

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キョ kyo、 コ ko

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組: class; group

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組 [组] zǔ

noun | verb
: to form; to organize
: group; team
: measure word for sets, series, groups of people, batteries
: (Chinese surname)

Kun Reading

組 | くみ kumi

noun
: set (of items)
: group (of people); class (of students); company (esp. construction); family (i.e. mafia); team
: typesetting; composition

組む | くむ kumu

godan verb with mu ending
: to cross (legs or arms); to link (arms)
: to put together; to construct; to assemble; to produce (e.g. TV program)
: to braid; to plait
: to grapple; to wrestle
: to unite; to link up; to form an alliance
: to set (e.g. type)
: to issue (e.g. money order)

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ソ so

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替: to substitute

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning
 

替 tì

preposition
: to substitute for; to take the place of; to replace
: for; on behalf of
: to stand in for

Kun Reading

替え | かえ kae

noun
: change; alteration; substitute; spare; proxy
: rate of exchange

替り OR 替わり OR 代わり | かわり kawari

noun | no-adjective
: substitute; replacement; substituting; replacing
: stand-in; proxy; alternate; deputy; relief; successor
: compensation; exchange; return
: second helping; another cup; seconds
: (Abbreviation) upcoming program

替る OR 替わる | かわる kawaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to succeed; to relieve; to replace
: to take the place of; to substitute for; to take over for; to represent
: to be exchanged; to change (places with); to switch

替り | がわり gawari

noun
: substitute for …

替える OR 換える | かえる kaeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to replace
: to exchange; to interchange
: to substitute

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タイ tai

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令: order; to command

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

令 lìng

adjective | verb
: to order; to command
: an order; warrant; writ
: to cause; to make something happen
: virtuous; honorific title
: season
: government position (old)

令 líng

令 lǐng


: measure word for a ream of paper

Kun Reading

令む | しむ shimu

godan verb with mu ending
: to make happen (old causative verbal ending)

令する | れいする reisuru

suru verb – special class | transitive verb
: to command; to order

言付け | いいつけ iitsuke

noun
: order; command
: directions; instructions

On Reading

令 | れい rei

noun | noun suffix
: command; order; dictation

令 | りょう ryou

noun
: administrative and civil code

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由: reason; from

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

由 yóu

preposition
: to follow
: from
: it is for…to
: reason; cause; because of; due to
: to
: to leave it (to somebody)
: by (introduces passive verb)

Kun Reading

由 | よし yoshi

noun
: reason; significance; cause

由る OR 因る | よる yoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to be due to; to be caused by
: to depend on; to turn on
: to be based on; to come from

On Reading

ユ yu、 ユウ yuu、 ユイ yui

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渡: to cross

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

渡 dù

verb
: to cross; to pass through
: to ferry

Kun Reading

渡し | わたし watashi

noun
: ferry (crossing); ferry(boat)
: (Suffix) delivery

渡す | わたす watasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to ferry across (a river, etc.); to carry across; to traverse
: to lay across; to build across
: to hand over; to hand in; to pass; to give; to transfer

渡り | わたり watari

noun
: ferry

渡る | わたる wataru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to cross over; to go across
: to extend; to cover; to range; to span

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ト to

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借: lend; borrow

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

借 jiè

verb
: to lend; to borrow
: by means of
: to take (an opportunity)

藉 [借] jiè

verb | noun
: sleeping mat
: to placate
: variant of 借

藉 jí


: to insult; to walk all over (somebody)

Kun Reading

借り | かり kari

noun
: borrowing; debt; loan

借る | かる karu

godan verb with ru ending | transitive verb
: (Kansai dialect) to borrow; to have a loan
: to rent; to hire

借りる | かりる kariru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to borrow; to have a loan
: to rent; to hire

藉す OR 貸す | かす kasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to lend; to loan
: to rent out; to hire out

On Reading

借 | シャク shaku

藉 | セキ seki、 ジャク jaku

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向: towards

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

向 xiàng

preposition | adverb
: towards
: to face; to turn towards
: direction
: to support; to side with
: shortly before; formerly
: always; all along

嚮 [向] xiàng

preposition
: to tend toward; to guide
: variant of 向

Kun Reading

向き | むき muki

na-adjective | noun | noun suffix
: direction; orientation; aspect; situation; exposure; suitability; tendency

向く | むく muku

godan verb with ku ending
: to face
: to turn toward
: to be suited to; to be fit for

向け | むけ muke

noun suffix
: intended for …; oriented towards …; aimed at …

向い | むかい mukai

no-adjective | noun
: facing; opposite; across the street; other side

向う | むかう mukau

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: to face
: to go towards

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

向こう | むこう mukou

noun
: opposite side; other side; opposite direction
: over there; that way; far away; beyond
: the other party; the other person
: future (starting now)

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

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コウ kou

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