去: to go; leave

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music | No Comments
 

去 qù

verb | adverb
: to go; to go to (a place)
: to leave; to depart
: (of a time etc) last
: just passed
: to send
: to remove; to get rid of; to reduce
: to be apart from in space or time
: to die (euphemism)
: to play (a part)
: (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do something
: (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)
: (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

Kun Reading

去る | さる saru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to leave; to go away
: to pass; to elapse
: to be distant
: to send away; to drive off; to divorce
: (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) … completely
: (Pre-noun adjectival) last … (e.g. “last April”)

去ぬ | いぬ inu

godan verb with nu ending
: (Archaism) to go
: to pass (of time)
: to die
: to go bad; to rot
: (Kansai dialect) to go home

去なす | いなす inasu

godan verb with nu ending
: to parry; to sidestep; to let go; to chase away

On Reading

キョ kyo、 コ ko

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命: life; fate

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

命 mìng

noun | verb
: life; fate
: order or command
: to assign a name, title etc

Kun Reading

命 | いのち inochi

noun
: life; life force
: lifetime; lifespan
: most important thing; foundation; core
: (Archaism) paired tattoos of the “life” kanji on the upper arms of a man and woman (indicating unwavering love)
: (Archaism) fate; destiny; karma

命 | みこと mikoto

noun
: (after the name of a god or a noble) Lord; Highness
: (Archaism) (Derogatory) you

On Reading

命 | めい mei

noun
: command; decree
: life
: destiny

ミョウ myou

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令: order; to command

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

令 lìng

adjective | verb
: to order; to command
: an order; warrant; writ
: to cause; to make something happen
: virtuous; honorific title
: season
: government position (old)

令 líng

令 lǐng


: measure word for a ream of paper

Kun Reading

令む | しむ shimu

godan verb with mu ending
: to make happen (old causative verbal ending)

令する | れいする reisuru

suru verb – special class | transitive verb
: to command; to order

言付け | いいつけ iitsuke

noun
: order; command
: directions; instructions

On Reading

令 | れい rei

noun | noun suffix
: command; order; dictation

令 | りょう ryou

noun
: administrative and civil code

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由: reason; from

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

由 yóu

preposition
: to follow
: from
: it is for…to
: reason; cause; because of; due to
: to
: to leave it (to somebody)
: by (introduces passive verb)

Kun Reading

由 | よし yoshi

noun
: reason; significance; cause

由る OR 因る | よる yoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to be due to; to be caused by
: to depend on; to turn on
: to be based on; to come from

On Reading

ユ yu、 ユウ yuu、 ユイ yui

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度: degree, to pass | to estimate

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

度 dù

measure word
: to pass
: to spend (time)
: measure; limit; extent
: degree of intensity
: degree (angles, temperature etc)
: kilowatt-hour
: measure word for events and occurrences

度 duó

verb
: to estimate

Kun Reading

度 | たび tabi

noun | noun suffix | counter
: time (three times, each time, etc.); times

On Reading

度 | ど do

noun | noun suffix
: degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.)
: (Counter) counter for occurrences and times
: strength (of alcohol)

ト to、 タク taku

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借: lend; borrow

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

借 jiè

verb
: to lend; to borrow
: by means of
: to take (an opportunity)

藉 [借] jiè

verb | noun
: sleeping mat
: to placate
: variant of 借

藉 jí


: to insult; to walk all over (somebody)

Kun Reading

借り | かり kari

noun
: borrowing; debt; loan

借る | かる karu

godan verb with ru ending | transitive verb
: (Kansai dialect) to borrow; to have a loan
: to rent; to hire

借りる | かりる kariru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to borrow; to have a loan
: to rent; to hire

藉す OR 貸す | かす kasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to lend; to loan
: to rent out; to hire out

On Reading

借 | シャク shaku

藉 | セキ seki、 ジャク jaku

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向: towards

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

向 xiàng

preposition | adverb
: towards
: to face; to turn towards
: direction
: to support; to side with
: shortly before; formerly
: always; all along

嚮 [向] xiàng

preposition
: to tend toward; to guide
: variant of 向

Kun Reading

向き | むき muki

na-adjective | noun | noun suffix
: direction; orientation; aspect; situation; exposure; suitability; tendency

向く | むく muku

godan verb with ku ending
: to face
: to turn toward
: to be suited to; to be fit for

向け | むけ muke

noun suffix
: intended for …; oriented towards …; aimed at …

向い | むかい mukai

no-adjective | noun
: facing; opposite; across the street; other side

向う | むかう mukau

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: to face
: to go towards

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

向こう | むこう mukou

noun
: opposite side; other side; opposite direction
: over there; that way; far away; beyond
: the other party; the other person
: future (starting now)

向ける | むける mukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to turn towards; to point

On Reading

コウ kou

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決: to decide

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

決 [决] jué

adverb
: to decide; to determine; to judge
: to execute (somebody)
: (of a dam etc) to breach or burst
: definitely; certainly

Kun Reading

決め | きめ kime

noun | noun suffix
: agreement; rule

決め | ぎめ gime

noun | noun suffix
: contracted regular payment, e.g. monthly, weekly, etc.; by the (month, week, etc.)

決り | きまり kimari

noun | no-adjective
: rule; regulation
: settlement; conclusion; end; agreement; arrangement
: habit; custom; habitual way
: countenance in front of another person; face
: (Archaism) love relationship between a customer and a prostitute

決る | きまる kimaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to be decided; to be settled
: to look good in (clothes)

決す | けっす kessu

godan verb with su ending
: to decide; to determine

決める | きめる kimeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to decide; to choose; to determine; to make up one’s mind; to resolve; to set one’s heart on; to settle; to arrange; to set; to appoint; to fix
: to clinch (a victory); to decide (the outcome of a match)
: to persist in doing; to go through with
: to always do; to have made a habit of
: to take for granted; to assume
: to dress up; to dress to kill; to dress to the nines
: to carry out successfully (a move in sports, a pose in dance, etc.); to succeed in doing
: (Martial arts term) to immobilize with a double-arm lock (in sumo, judo, etc.)

決して | けして keshite

adverb
: never; by no means; decidedly; indisputably

決る | しゃくる shakuru

godan verb with ru ending | transitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to dig out; to gouge out; to hollow out
: to scoop; to ladle; to bail
: to jerk (one’s chin)

On Reading

決 | けつ ketsu

noun
: decision; vote

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