甲: first heavenly stems; armor

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甲 jiā

noun
: first of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干; (used for an unspecified person or thing)
: first (in a list, as a party to a contract etc)
: letter “A” or roman “I” in list “A, B, C”, or “I, II, III”, etc
: armor plating; shell or carapace; (of the fingers or toes) nail; bladed leather or metal armor (old)
: ranking system used in the Imperial examinations (old)
: civil administration unit (old)
: ancient Chinese compass point: 75°

Kun Reading

甲 OR 兜 | かぶと kabuto

noun
: helmet (of armor); headpiece

甲 | きのえ kinoe

noun
: first sign of the Chinese calendar

甲 OR 鎧 | よろい yoroi

noun
: armor

On Reading

甲 | こう kou

noun
: carapace; shell
: 1st in rank; grade A
: instep; back of hand
: the A party (e.g. in a contract); the first party

甲 | かん kan

noun
: treble range (in Japanese music); high note

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去: to go; leave

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music
 

去 qù

verb | adverb
: to go; to go to (a place)
: to leave; to depart
: (of a time etc) last
: just passed
: to send
: to remove; to get rid of; to reduce
: to be apart from in space or time
: to die (euphemism)
: to play (a part)
: (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do something
: (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker)
: (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation)

Kun Reading

去る | さる saru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to leave; to go away
: to pass; to elapse
: to be distant
: to send away; to drive off; to divorce
: (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) … completely
: (Pre-noun adjectival) last … (e.g. “last April”)

去ぬ | いぬ inu

godan verb with nu ending
: (Archaism) to go
: to pass (of time)
: to die
: to go bad; to rot
: (Kansai dialect) to go home

去なす | いなす inasu

godan verb with nu ending
: to parry; to sidestep; to let go; to chase away

On Reading

キョ kyo、 コ ko

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命: life; fate

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

命 mìng

noun | verb
: life; fate
: order or command
: to assign a name, title etc

Kun Reading

命 | いのち inochi

noun
: life; life force
: lifetime; lifespan
: most important thing; foundation; core
: (Archaism) paired tattoos of the “life” kanji on the upper arms of a man and woman (indicating unwavering love)
: (Archaism) fate; destiny; karma

命 | みこと mikoto

noun
: (after the name of a god or a noble) Lord; Highness
: (Archaism) (Derogatory) you

On Reading

命 | めい mei

noun
: command; decree
: life
: destiny

ミョウ myou

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令: order; to command

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

令 lìng

adjective | verb
: to order; to command
: an order; warrant; writ
: to cause; to make something happen
: virtuous; honorific title
: season
: government position (old)

令 líng

令 lǐng


: measure word for a ream of paper

Kun Reading

令む | しむ shimu

godan verb with mu ending
: to make happen (old causative verbal ending)

令する | れいする reisuru

suru verb – special class | transitive verb
: to command; to order

言付け | いいつけ iitsuke

noun
: order; command
: directions; instructions

On Reading

令 | れい rei

noun | noun suffix
: command; order; dictation

令 | りょう ryou

noun
: administrative and civil code

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由: reason; from

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由 yóu

preposition
: to follow
: from
: it is for…to
: reason; cause; because of; due to
: to
: to leave it (to somebody)
: by (introduces passive verb)

Kun Reading

由 | よし yoshi

noun
: reason; significance; cause

由る OR 因る | よる yoru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: (Usually written using kana alone) to be due to; to be caused by
: to depend on; to turn on
: to be based on; to come from

On Reading

ユ yu、 ユウ yuu、 ユイ yui

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度: degree, to pass | to estimate

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

度 dù

measure word
: to pass
: to spend (time)
: measure; limit; extent
: degree of intensity
: degree (angles, temperature etc)
: kilowatt-hour
: measure word for events and occurrences

度 duó

verb
: to estimate

Kun Reading

度 | たび tabi

noun | noun suffix | counter
: time (three times, each time, etc.); times

On Reading

度 | ど do

noun | noun suffix
: degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.)
: (Counter) counter for occurrences and times
: strength (of alcohol)

ト to、 タク taku

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借: lend; borrow

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

借 jiè

verb
: to lend; to borrow
: by means of
: to take (an opportunity)

藉 [借] jiè

verb | noun
: sleeping mat
: to placate
: variant of 借

藉 jí


: to insult; to walk all over (somebody)

Kun Reading

借り | かり kari

noun
: borrowing; debt; loan

借る | かる karu

godan verb with ru ending | transitive verb
: (Kansai dialect) to borrow; to have a loan
: to rent; to hire

借りる | かりる kariru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to borrow; to have a loan
: to rent; to hire

藉す OR 貸す | かす kasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to lend; to loan
: to rent out; to hire out

On Reading

借 | シャク shaku

藉 | セキ seki、 ジャク jaku

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