俯: to look down

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俯 fǔ

verb
: to look down; to stoop

Kun Reading

俯す | ふす fusu

su verb [precursor to the modern suru]
: to lower (one’s head, gaze, etc.)

俯せ OR うつ伏せ | うつぶせ utsubuse

noun | no-adjective
: lying on one’s face; upside-down

俯く | うつむく utsumuku

godan verb with ku ending
: to hang one’s head in shame; to look downward; to cast one’s eyes down

俯す | うつぶす utsubusu

godan verb with su ending
: to lie with one’s face on the ground;
: (Archaism) to lower (one’s head, gaze, etc.)

俯け | うつむけ utsumuke

noun
: lying face down; upside down; prone

俯せる | うつぶせる utsubuseru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to lie face-down

伏せる | ふせる fuseru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
:to lay something upside down; to turn something over; to cover; to lay (pipes); to lay (an ambush); to hid

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フ fu

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附: to add; adhere to

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附 fù

verb
: to add
: to attach; to be close to
: to be attached

Kun Reading

附す | ふす fusu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to affix; to append; to attach
: to entrust; to refer; to handle (as such)
: to follow (the leader)
: to submit (a document, etc.)

附ける OR 付ける | つける tsukeru

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to attach; to join; to add; to append; to affix; to stick; to glue; to fasten; to sew on; to apply (ointment)
: to furnish (a house with)
: to wear; to put on
: to keep a diary; to make an entry
: to appraise; to set (a price)
: to bring alongside
: to place (under guard or doctor)
: to follow; to shadow
: to load; to give (courage to)
: to keep (an eye on)
: to establish (relations or understanding)
: to turn on (light)

附する | ふする fusuru

suru verb – special class | transitive verb
: to affix; to append; to attach
: to entrust; to refer; to handle (as such)
: to follow (the leader)
: to submit (a document, etc.)

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フ fu

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付: hand over

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付 fù

verb
: to pay; to hand over to
: give, deliver, pay
: entrust
: measure word for pairs or sets of things

Kun Reading

付 | づけ zuke

noun suffix
: dated (e.g. a letter); date of effect (e.g. a rule change)

付き | つき tsuki

noun | noun suffix
: furnished with; including
: attached to
: impression; appearance
: (Usually written using kana alone) luck
: sociality; under; assistant (e.g. to a manager)
: soup base

付け | つけ tsuke

noun
: fixed
: bill; bill of sale
: tab (for later payment); credit

付く | つく tsuku

godan verb with ku ending | intransitive verb
: to be attached; to be connected with; to adhere; to stick; to cling
: to remain imprinted; to scar; to stain; to dye
: to bear (fruit, interest, etc.)
: to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.); to increase (of strength, etc.)
: to take root
: to accompany; to attend; to follow; to study with
: to side with; to belong to
: to possess; to haunt
: to be lit; to be lighted
: to be settled; to be resolved; to be decided
: to be given (of a name, price, etc.)
: to be sensed; to be perceived
: to be lucky
: (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)

付ける | つける tsukeru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to attach; to join; to add; to append; to affix; to stick; to glue; to fasten; to sew on; to apply (ointment)
: to furnish (a house with)
: to wear; to put on
: to keep a diary; to make an entry
: to appraise; to set (a price)
: to bring alongside
: to place (under guard or doctor)
: to follow; to shadow
: to load; to give (courage to)
: to keep (an eye on)
: to establish (relations or understanding)
: to turn on (light)

付く | づく zuku

suffix | godan verb with ku ending
: to become (a state, condition, etc.)

付す | ふす fusu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to affix; to append; to attach
: to entrust; to refer; to handle (as such)
: to follow (the leader)
: to submit (a document, etc.)

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フ fu

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伸: to stretch

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

伸 shēn

verb
: to stretch; to extend

Kun Reading

伸し | のし noshi

noun
: stretching
: sidestroke (in swimming)

伸び | のび nobi

noun | suru verb
: growth; development
: stretching (e.g. body when waking up)
: spread; elongation; extension; carry (e.g. of sound); sustain

伸す | のす nosu

godan verb with su ending
: to stretch; to spread; to smooth out; to roll out; to iron; to extend; to gain influence; to knock out

伸ばす | のばす nobasu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to grow long (beard, hair, etc.)
: to lengthen; to extend; to stretch
: to reach out; to hold out
: to straighten; to smooth out
: to spread evenly (dough, cream, etc.)
: to dilute; to thin out
: to postpone
: to prolong
: to strengthen; to develop; to expand

伸びる | のびる nobiru

ichidan verb | intransitive verb
: to stretch; to extend; to lengthen; to spread
: to make progress; to grow (beard, body height)
: to grow stale (soba)
: to be straightened; to be flattened; to be smoothed
: to be exhausted

伸べる | のべる noberu

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to lay out (a futon); to make (bed); to spread out; to stretch; to widen
: to postpone; to extend

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シン shin

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甲: first heavenly stems; armor

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music

 

甲 jiā

noun
: first of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干; (used for an unspecified person or thing)
: first (in a list, as a party to a contract etc)
: letter “A” or roman “I” in list “A, B, C”, or “I, II, III”, etc
: armor plating; shell or carapace; (of the fingers or toes) nail; bladed leather or metal armor (old)
: ranking system used in the Imperial examinations (old)
: civil administration unit (old)
: ancient Chinese compass point: 75°

Kun Reading

甲 OR 兜 | かぶと kabuto

noun
: helmet (of armor); headpiece

甲 | きのえ kinoe

noun
: first sign of the Chinese calendar

甲 OR 鎧 | よろい yoroi

noun
: armor

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甲 | こう kou

noun
: carapace; shell
: 1st in rank; grade A
: instep; back of hand
: the A party (e.g. in a contract); the first party

甲 | かん kan

noun
: treble range (in Japanese music); high note

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申: to extend; 9th earthly branch

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning

 

申 shēn

noun
: to extend
: to state; to explain
: 9th earthly branch: 3-5 p.m., 7th solar month (7th August-7th September), year of the Monkey
: ancient Chinese compass point: 240°
: old name for Shanghai 上海

Kun Reading

申 | さる saru

noun
: ninth sign of Chinese zodiac (The Monkey, 3pm-5pm, west-southwest, July)

申す | もうす mousu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to say; to be called
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to do

申し | もうし moushi

interjection
: excuse me! (when calling out to someone)

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シン shin

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