申: to extend; 9th earthly branch

 

申 shēn

noun
: to extend
: to state; to explain
: 9th earthly branch: 3-5 p.m., 7th solar month (7th August-7th September), year of the Monkey
: ancient Chinese compass point: 240°
: old name for Shanghai 上海

Kun Reading

申 | さる saru

noun
: ninth sign of Chinese zodiac (The Monkey, 3pm-5pm, west-southwest, July)

申す | もうす mousu

godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to say; to be called
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to do

申し | もうし moushi

interjection
: excuse me! (when calling out to someone)

On Reading

シン shin

 Usage:

申請[请] shen1qing3: to apply for something; application (form etc)
[申請 | しんせい shinsei: application; request; petition]
申報[报] shen1bao4: to report (to the authorities); to declare (to customs)
申述 shen1shu4: to state; to assert; to allege; to specify
[申述べる | もうしのべる moushinoberu: to say; to tell (somebody); to state]
申訴[诉] shen1su4: to file a complaint; to appeal (to an authority, a higher court of justice etc); complaint; appeal
申令 shen1ling4: an order; a command
重申 chong2shen1: to reaffirm; to reiterate
引申 yin3shen1: to extend (the meaning of a word, an analogy etc); derivation



Japanese common word | expression | idiom
申し訳がたたない | もうしわけがたたない moushi wake ga tatanai
: I’m sorry; (it’s) inexcusable

申し訳ありません OR 申しわけありません | もうしわけありません moushi wake arimasen
: I’m sorry; (it’s) inexcusable
: thank you very much (for help, etc.)

お願い申し上げる | おねがいもうしあげる onegai moushi ageru
: (humble language) (very polite) please

申しにくい OR 申し難い | もうしにくい moushi nikui
: I’m sorry to trouble you



Chinese expression | chengyu 成語 | idiom
三令五申 san1 ling4 wu3 shen1
: to order again and again

 Etymology:
象形 Pictographic.
Picture of lightning.



(假借) Phonetic Loan.
Original form of 神 shen2: god.



 
Look-alike:
jia1: first of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干; (used for an unspecified person or thing); armor plating
[かぶと kabuto, きのえ kinoe , よろい yoroi, tsume. on: こう kou, かん kan]



 Examples:

申し訳ないけど長居できないんですよ。
もうしわけないけどながいできないんですよ。 moushi wake nai kedo nagai dekinain desuyo
I’m sorry, I can’t stay long.

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary

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