速: fast

By July 17, 2017Language-Learning

 

速 sù


: fast; rapid; quick; prompt; velocity

Kun Reading

速い | はやい hayai

adjective
: fast; quick; hasty; brisk
: early (in the day, etc.); premature
: (too) soon; not yet; (too) early
: easy; simple; quick

速く | はやく hayaku

adverb
: early; soon;
: quickly; swiftly; rapidly; fast

速さ | はやさ hayasa

noun
: speed; velocity; quickness; rapidity
: earliness

速め | はやめ hayame

no-adjective
: early
: fast

速やか | すみやか sumiyaka

na-adjective
: speedy; prompt; smooth

On Reading

速 | そく soku

suffix
: gear; speed (as in 4 speed automatic transmission and such)

 Usage:

速度 su4du4: speed; rate; velocity; (music) tempo
[そくど sokudo: speed; velocity; rate]
速成 su4cheng2: crash (course); accelerated (process); quick (fix); instant (success); to achieve in a short time [そくせい sokusei: intensive (short-term) training]
速遞[递] su4di4: courier
速凍[冻] su4dong4: to quick-freeze
速勝[胜] su4sheng4: rapid victory
迅速 xun4su4: rapid; speedy; fast
[じんそく jinsoku: quick; fast; rapid; swift; prompt; streamlined; expedited; expeditious]
高速 gao1su4: high speed
[こうそく kousoku: high speed; high gear
: (Abbreviation) highway; freeway; expressway; motorway]
加速 jia1su4: to speed up; to expedite
[かそく kasoku: acceleration; speed up;
: (Noun or verb acting prenominally) accelerator]
快速 kuai4su4: fast; high-speed; rapid
[かいそく kaisoku: high speed; celerity; mobility; express (train that bypasses many stations)]
[快速列車 | かいそくれっしゃ kaisoku ressha: express train]
超速 chao1su4: to exceed the speed limit; to speed; high-speed



Japanese common word | expression | yojijukugo 四字熟語 | idiom
超っ速 OR 超っ早 | ちょっぱや OR チョッパヤ choppaya
: (slang) very fast; very early

巧遅拙速 | こうちせっそく kouchi sessoku
: (yoji) better being rough and ready than slow and elaborate; better being brisk and sharp than slow and prudent

全速前進 | ぜんそくぜんしん zensoku zenshin
: Full speed ahead! Full steam ahead!

耳が早い OR 耳が速い OR 耳がはやい | みみがはやい mimi ga hayai
: being quick-eared; having sharp ears; being first to know about something

頭の回転が速い
OR 頭の回転が早い | あたまのかいてんがはやい atama no kaiten ga hayai
: quick-witted; bright; rapid thinking



Chinese expression | chengyu 成語 | idiom
速戰速決 su4 zhan4 su4 jue2
: a blitzkrieg strategy; to resolve something in the shortest time possible; to get something done quickly

兵貴神速 [兵贵神速] bing1 gui4 shen2 su4
: lit. speed is a crucial asset in war; fig. swift and resolute (in doing something)

欲速則不達 yu4 su4 ze2 bu4 da2
OR 欲速而不達 yu4 su4 er2 bu4 da2
: lit. to want something in haste, but cannot get there (from Analects); more haste, less speed. Don’t try to run before you can walk

 Etymology:
形声 Pictophonetic.
辶 (chuo4: walk radical 162) suggests the meaning while
(shu4: bind, control; bale) provides the sound.



Specialized Semantic:
[迹] ji4: footprint; mark; trace; vestige; sign; indication
[kun: あと ato. on: セキ seki]



 Examples:

司机加了速。
si1ji1 jia1 le su4
The driver increased his speed.

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary