阻 zǔ


: to hinder; to block; to impede; to obstruct
: to oppose

Kun Reading

阻む | はばむ habamu

godan verb with mu ending
: to keep someone from doing; to stop; to prevent; to check; to hinder; to obstruct; to oppose; to thwart

On Reading

ソ so

 Usage:

阻止 zu3zhi3: to prevent; to block
[そし soshi: obstruction; check; hindrance; prevention; interdiction]

阻礙[碍] zu3ai4: to obstruct; to hinder; to block; obstruction; hindrance
[阻碍 | そがい soggy: obstruction; inhibition]

阻力 zu3li4: resistance; drag
阻撓[挠] zu3nao2: to thwart; to obstruct (something)
阻擋[挡] zu3dang3: to stop; to resist; to obstruct
勸[劝]阻 quan4zu3: to advise against; to dissuade
修阻 xiu1zu3: (literary) long and arduous (road)
力阻 li4zu3: to block; to prevent by force
受阻 shou4zu3: blocked; obstructed; detained
攔[拦]阻 lan2zu3: to block; to obstruct



Japanese common word | expression | yojijukugo 四字熟語 | idiom
士気阻喪 | しきそそう shiki sosou
: (yoji) demoralization; collapse of morale; one’s morale being shaken

意気阻喪 OR 意気沮喪 | いきそそう iki sosou
: (yoji) depressed in spirits; rejection; disheartened; lacking nerve



Chinese common word | expression | chengyu 成語 | idiom
阻差辦公 zu3 chai1 ban4 gong1
: (law) obstructing government administration (Hong Kong)

艱難險阻 jian1 nan2 xian3 zu3
: untold dangers and difficulties

風雨無阻 feng1 yu3 wu2 zu3
: regardless of weather conditions; rain, hail or shine

 Etymology:
形声 Pictophonetic.
阝 (fu4: place radical 170) suggests the meaning while
(qie3: moreover; also) provides both meaning and sound.




 Examples:

保持交通暢通無阻。
bao3chi2 jiao1tong1 chang4tong1 wu2 zu3
Keep the traffic flowing.

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary

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