穴: cave

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning


穴 xué

noun | radical 116
: cave; den; lair; cavity
: hole
: acupuncture point

Kun Reading

穴 | あな ana

noun | noun suffix
: hole
: deficit; shortage; missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.)
: vacancy; opening
: flaw
: profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others
: upset victory (with a large payoff)
: (Slang) pit (of a theater)
: (Archaism) hiding place
: (Archaism) underbelly (of society, etc.)

穴あけ | あなあけ anaake

noun | noun prefix
: drilling

穴あけ | あなぐら anagura

: cellar; cave; hole in the ground

On Reading

穴 | けつ ketsu

: (Colloquialism) ass; arse; buttocks
: (Colloquialism) rear; end
: acupuncture point

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石: stone | dry measure for grain

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning


石 shí

noun | radical 112
: stone; rock
: stone inscription
: one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音 (metal 金, stone 石, clay 土, leather 革, silk 絲, wood 木, gourd 匏, bamboo 竹)

石 dàn

: dry measure for grain equal to ten dou 斗; ten pecks
: one hundred liters

Kun Reading

石 | いし ishi

: stone
: gem; jewel

On Reading

石 | こく koku

: measure of volume (approx. 180.39 liters, 6.37 cub. ft.)
: measure of a Japanese-style boat’s loading capacity (approx. 278.26 liters)

せき seki

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上: on top

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music


上 shàng

: on top; upon; above; upper; previous
: first (of multiple parts)
: to climb; to get onto; to go up
: to attend (class or university)

上 shǎng

: 上聲[声] falling and rising tone; third tone in modern Mandarin

Kun Reading

上 | うえ ue

noun | no-adjective | adverbial noun | noun suffix
: above; up; over; elder (e.g. daughter)
: top; summit
: surface; on
: before; previous
: superiority; one’s superior (i.e. one’s elder)
: on top of that; besides; what’s more
: upon (further inspection, etc.); based on (and occurring after)
: matters concerning…; as concerns …
: since (i.e. “for that reason”)
: (Noun suffix) (Honorific or respectful language) suffix indicating higher social standing
: (Archaism) place of one’s superior (i.e. the throne)
: (Archaism) emperor; sovereign; shogun; daimyo
: (Archaism) noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)

上 | かみ kami

: upper reaches (of a river); upper stream
: top; upper part; upper half (of the body)
: long ago
: beginning; first
: (Honorific or respectful language) person of high rank (e.g. the emperor)
: government; imperial court
: imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto); capital region (i.e. Kansai); region (or direction of) the imperial palace
: head (of a table)
: (Honorific or respectful language) wife; mistress (of a restaurant)

上 | うわ uwa

noun | prefix
: upper; upward; outer; surface; top

上げ | あげ age

noun | noun suffix
: rise in price; making a tuck

上り | のぼり nobori

: ascent; climbing; ascending (path); climb
: up-train (e.g. going to Tokyo)
: () northward (towards Tokyo)

上る | のぼる noboru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to ascend; to go up; to climb
: to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun); to rise
: to go to (the capital)
: to be promoted
: to add up to
: to advance (in price)
: to swim up (a river); to sail up
: to come up (on the agenda)

上がる | あがる agaru

godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to rise; to go up; to come up; to ascend; to be raised
: to enter (esp. from outdoors); to come in; to go in
: to enter (a school); to advance to the next grade
: to get out (of water); to come ashore
: to increase
: to improve; to make progress
: to be promoted; to advance
: to be made (of profit)
: to occur (esp. of a favorable result)
: to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.)
: to be finished; to be done; to be over
: (of rain) to stop; to lift
: to stop (working properly); to cut out; to give out; to die
: to win (in a card game)
: to be spoken loudly
: to get stage fright
: to be offered (to the gods)
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to go; to visit
: (Honorific or respectful language) to eat; to drink
: to be listed (as a candidate)
: to serve (in one’s master’s home)
: (in Kyoto) to go north; (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion

上げる | あげる ageru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to raise; to elevate
: to do up (one’s hair)
: to fly (a kite, etc.); to launch (fireworks, etc.); to surface (a submarine, etc.)
: to land (a boat)
: to show someone (into a room)
: to send someone (away)
: to enrol (one’s child in school); to enroll
: to increase (price, quality, status, etc.)
: to make (a loud sound); to raise (one’s voice)
: to earn (something desirable)
: to praise
: to give (an example, etc.); to cite
: to summon up (all of one’s energy, etc.)
: (Polite language) to give
: to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.)
: to bear (a child)
: to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding); () (of the tide) to come in
: to vomit
: (Usually written using kana alone) (Polite language) to do for (the sake of someone else); () to complete …
: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to humbly do …

上がり | あがり agari

noun | suffix
: ascent; rise; slope
: freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops)
: advance income; crop yield
: death; spinning; completion; stop; finish
: after (rain); ex (official)
: (end) results (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.); how something comes out

上で | うえで uete

: upon; after

上は | うえは uewa

: now that; since

On Reading

上 | じょう jou

noun suffix
: from the standpoint of; as a matter of (e.g. fact); in the field of; being of the type of
: aboard (a ship or vehicle); on top of; on; above
: first volume (e.g. book)
: superior quality; best; top; high class
: going up
: governmental; imperial
: presenting; showing
: (Prefix) ana- (medical, biol.)

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下: down

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning, Music


下 xià

verb | measure word
: down; downwards; below; lower
: later; next (week etc); second (of two parts)
: to decline; to go down; bring down
: to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc)
: measure word to show the frequency of an action
: inferior

Kun Reading

下 | した shita

: below; down; under; younger (e.g. daughter)
: bottom
: beneath; underneath
: just after; right after
: inferiority; one’s inferior (i.e. one’s junior)
: trade-in
: preliminary; preparatory

下 | もと moto

: under (esp. influence or guidance)

下 | しも shimo

: lower reaches (of a river)
: bottom; lower part
: lower half (of the body, esp. the privates); feces; urine; menses
: end; far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan)
: (No-adjective) dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)

下り | くだり kudari

noun | noun suffix
: down-train (going away from Tokyo)
: down-slope; downward going

下さい | ください kudasai

: (Usually written using kana alone) (Honorific or respectful language) please give me
: (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me

下げる | さげる sageru

ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to hang; to lower; to move back; to wear; to dismiss; to grant

On Reading

下 | か ka

: under (being in said condition or environment)

下 | げ ge

: lowness (of degree, value, etc.); inferiority
: second volume (of two); third volume (of three)

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Pantone Minion Yellow

By | colors, Fashion

Pantone’s newest color reveal is the PANTONE Minion Yellow (after years of research); based on the Minions from Universal Pictures and Illumination Entertainment’s Despicable Me franchise, including the upcoming prequel Minions (scheduled for release July 10, 2015). Stuart’s “matoka” – banana (banana, banannaaaaa) color aka Minion Yellow is an extroverted ray of sunshine and optimism that energizes, illuminates and clarifies. This idea is the apparent collaboration with Pharrell Williams.

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左: left

By | Chinese Word, Japanese Word, Language-Learning


左 zuǒ

: left; the Left (politics); east
: unorthodox; queer; wrong; differing
: opposite; improper

Kun Reading

左 | ひだり hidari

noun | no-adjective
: left; left hand side

On Reading

左 | さ sa

noun | no-adjective
: left (esp. in vertical Japanese writing); the following

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