症: illness | abdominal tumor

 

症 zhèng

adjective | adverb
: disease; illness

癥 [症] zhēng


: abdominal tumor; bowel obstruction; (fig.) sticking point

Kun Reading
none applicable

On Reading

症 | しょう shou

noun suffix | na-adjective
: illness

 Usage:

症狀[状] zheng4zhuang4: symptom (of an illness)
[症状 | しょうじょう shoujou: symptoms; condition]
症象 zheng4xiang4: symptom
症候 zheng4hou4: illness; disease [しょうこう shoukou: symptoms]
癌症 ai2zheng4: cancer [癌 | がん kan: cancer]
對[对]症 dui4zheng4: correct diagnosis; to prescribe the right cure for an illness; to suit the medicine to the illness
[対症 | たいしょう taishou: specific (e.g. antibody)]
急症 ji2zheng4: acute disease; medical emergency
死症 si3zheng4: incurable disease; terminal illness
病症 bing4zheng4: disease; illness
[えんしょう enshou: inflammation; irritation]
健忘症 jian4 wang4 zheng4: amnesia; memory loss [けんぼうしょう kenboushou]
恐怖症 kong3 bu4 zheng4: phobia; morbid fear [きょうふしょう kyoufushou]
癥結[症结] zheng1jie2: hard lump in the abdomen (in Chinese medicine); crux of an issue; main point in an argument; sticking point; deadlock in negotiations
黑血癥[症] hei1 xie3 zheng1: melanemia
惡血癥[恶血症] hei1 xie3 zheng1: cacemia



Chinese idiom
對症下藥 [对症下药] dui4 zheng4 xia4 yao4
: lit. to prescribe the right medicine for an illness (idiom); fig. to study a problem to find the right way to solve it; to take appropriate steps

 Etymology:

形声 Pictophonetic.
疒 (ne4: sickness; radical 104) suggests the meaning while
(zheng4 | zheng1: right) provides the sound.



traditional: 癥
形声 Pictophonetic.
疒 (ne4: sickness; radical 104) suggests the meaning while
徵 (zheng1: summon) provides the sound.




簡體 Simplified.
症. Created as unique simplification #328 (癥 » 症) via replacement of character component.



 Examples:
病人的症狀不太好。
bing4ren2 de zheng4zhuang4 bu4 tai4hao3.
The patient’s condition isn’t too good.

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary