起 qǐ

adjective | verb | measure word
: to rise; to raise; to get up; to set out; to start; to appear
: to launch; to initiate (action); to draft; to establish; to get (from a depot or counter)
: verb suffix, to start; (before place or time) starting from
: measure word for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance
: measure word for groups: batch, group

Kun Reading

起つ | たつ tatsu

Godan verb with tu ending | intransitive verb
: to rise up; to initiate (political) action

起り | おこり okori

Noun
: source; origin; cause; beginning; genesis

起る | おこる okoru

Godan verb with ru ending | intransitive verb
: to occur; to happen

起す | おこす okosu

Godan verb with su ending | transitive verb
: to raise; to cause; to wake someone

起きる | おきる okiru

Ichidan verb | intransitive verb
: to get up; to rise
: to wake up
: to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents); to happen; to take place

On Reading

き ki

 Usage:

起來[来] qi3lai: to stand up; to get up
起床 qi3chuang2: to get out of bed; to get up
[きしょう kishou: rising; getting out of bed]
起飛[飞] qi3fei1: (aircraft) to take off
起初 qi3chu1: originally; at first; at the outset
起源 qi3yuan2: origin; to come from
[きげん kigen: origin; beginning]
一起 yi1qi3: in the same place; together; altogether (in total)
對[对]不起 bui4 bu qi3: unworthy; to let down; I’m sorry; excuse me; pardon me; if you please; sorry? (please repeat)
[済みません | すみません sumimasen: sorry; excuse me; thank you]  
了不起 liao3 bu qi3: amazing; terrific; wonderful; extraordinary (sarcasm)
看不起 kan4 bu qi3: to look down upon; to despise
OR
瞧不起 iao2 bu4 qi3: to look down upon; to hold in contempt

從[从]… 起 cong2…qi3: starting from
引起 yin3qi3: to give rise to; to lead to; to cause; to arouse
想起 xiang3qi3: to recall; to think of; to call to mind
[そうき souki: remembering; recollection; recall; retrieval
: to remember; to recall; to recollect; to call to mind; to envision]



Japanese expression / idiom
*起死回生 | きしかいせい kishi kaisei
: revival of the dead; recovering from a hopeless situation; resuscitation

七転八起 | ななころびやおき nanakoro biyaoki OR しちてんはっき shichiten hakki
: to fall seven times, but arise eight. The vicissitudes of life; ups and downs in life; always rising after a fall or repeated failures

縁起でもない | えんぎでもない engi demonai
: ill omened (as in “Don’t say such an ill omened thing!”); unlucky

寝た子を起こす | ねたこをおこす neta ko o okosu
: to disturb the water; to wake a sleeping dog; to wake a sleeping child



Chinese idiom
*起死回生 qi3 si3 hui2 sheng1
: to rise from the dead. fig. an unexpected recovery

東[东]山再起 dong1 shan1 zai4 qi3
: lit. to return to office after living as a hermit on Mount Dongshan: fig. to make a comeback

一波未平,一波又起 yi1 bo1 wei4 ping2 , yi1 bo1 you4 qi3
: before the first wave subsides, a new wave rises. A new problem arises before the old is solved; many twists and turns to a story; one thing after another

 Etymology:
形声 Pictophonetic.
(zou3: walk Radical 156) [part of (zhi3: to stop)] provides the sound +
己 (ji2: oneself) suggest the meaning



 Examples:
你什麼了不起?!
ni3 shen2me liao3 bu qi3
Don’t think you’re so great!

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary