站: station; to stand

 

站 zhàn

noun | verb | measure word
: (taxi/bus) stand – station; to stand
: to halt; to stop
: branch of a company or organization
: website

Kun Reading

立つ | たつ tatsu

Godan verb with tsu ending | intransitive verb
: to stand; to rise; to stand up
: to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position)
: to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)

佇む OR 彳む | たたずむ tatazumu

Godan verb with mu ending | intransitive verb
: to stand (still) a while; to loiter; to stop

On Reading

たん tan

 Usage:

站住 zhan4zhu4: to stand
站崗[岗] zhan4gang3: to stand guard; to serve on sentry duty
站台 zhan4tai2: platform (at a railway station)
站員[员] zhan4yuan2: station employee
站地 zhan4di4: stop (on a bus or train route)
車[车]站 che1zhan4: rail station; bus stop

火車[车]站 huo3che1 zhan4: train station [駅 | えき ski: train station]  
公車[车]站 gong1che1 zhan4: bus station (public transportation stand)
停車站 ting2 che1 zhan4: bus stop [停留所 | ていりゅうじょ teiryuujo: bus stop / station]  
地鐵[铁]站 di4 tie3 zhan4: subway station; metro station; MRT station
航站 hang2zhan4: airport terminal
油站 you2zhan4: gas station

網[网]站 wang3zhan4: website; network station; node
[網処 | もうしょ mousho: website; URL]
兵站 bing1zhan4: army service station; military depot
[へいたん heitan: supply train; communications]
罰[罚]站 fa2zhan4: to be made to stand still as a punishment



Chinese idiom / proverb
不怕慢,就怕站 bu4 pa4 man4 , jiu4 pa4 zhan4
it’s better to make slow progress than no progress at all

站著說話不腰疼 [站着说话不腰疼] zhan4 zhe shuo1 hua4 bu4 yao1 teng2
: it’s all very well to talk, but getting things done is another matter. To be an armchair expert (backseat driver)

 Etymology:
形声 Pictophonetic.
立 (li4:stand) suggests the meaning while
(zhan4: divine; observe) provides the sound.



 Examples:
我壞的時候, 媽媽會罰我站牆壁。
wo3 huai4 de shi2hou, ma1ma hui4 fa2 wo3 zhan4 qiang2bi4.
When I am naughty, my punishment would be to stand facing the wall.

你站在門口作什麼?! 進來吧.
ni3 zhan4 zai4 men2kou3 zuo4 shen2me?! jin4lai2 ba1.
Why are you standing at the door? Come in.

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary