占: to divine | to take possession of | occupy by force; usurp

 

占 zhān

adjective | verb
: to observe; to divine

占 zhàn

adjective | verb
: to take possession of; to occupy; to take up

佔 [占] zhàn

adjective | verb
: occupy by force, usurp; possess

Kun Reading

うら ura

Noun
: fortune-telling; divination

うらない uranai

Noun
: fortune-telling; divination

うらなう uranau

Godan verb with u ending | transitive verb
: to tell someone’s fortune; to forecast; to predict; to divine

しむ shimu

Godan verb with mu ending | transitive verb
: to occupy; to hold; to command; to account for

しめる shimeru

Ichidan verb | transitive verb
: to comprise (some part of the whole); to account for; to make up (of)
: to hold; to occupy

On Reading

せん sen

しめ shime

 Usage:

占卜 zhan1bu3: to divine
[せんぼく senboku: divination; fortunetelling]

卜占 bu3 zhan1: to divine; to prophecy; to foretell the future
[ぼくせん bokusen: augury; fortune-telling]

占星 zhan1xing1: to divine by astrology; horoscope

占星學[学] zhan1xing1xue2: astrology
[占星学 | せんせいがく sensei gaku]

星占 xing1zhan1: horoscoper
[ほしうらない hoshiuranai: astrology; horoscope]
占兆 zhan1zhao4: augury
占比 zhan1bi3: proportion
占 zhan4
: to take possession of; to occupy; to take up
占優[优] zhan4you1: dominance (also written: 佔優)
占地 zhan4di4: to take up space; to occupy (space) (also written: 佔地)
[しめじ shimeji: (usually kana only) Lyophyllum shimeji (species of edible mushroom)
: euagaric fungus (in grocery stores, usu. refers to cultivated field mushrooms)]
占滿[满] zhan4man3: to fill; to occupy completely
擠[挤]占 ji3zhan4: to seize; to push aside and occupy
佔[占] zhan4
: occupy by force, usurp; possess
佔[占]有 zhan4you3: to have; to own; to hold; to possess
[占有 | せんゆう senyuu: exclusive possession; occupation; monopolization]
佔領[占领] zhan4ling3: to occupy (a territory); to hold
[占領 | せんりょう senryou: occupation; capture; possession]
佔據[占据] zhan4ju4: to occupy; to hold
佔線[占线] zhan4xian4: busy (phone line)
侵佔 qin1zhan4: to invade and occupy (territory)
獨佔[独占] du2zhan4: to monopolize; to control; to dominate
[独占 | どくせん dokusen: monopoly; to hog]
霸佔 ba4zhan4: to occupy by force; to seize; to dominate
強佔[强占] qiang2zhan4: to occupy by force
搶佔[抢占] qiang3zhan4: to seize (the strategic high ground)



Japanese common word / expression / idiomatic expression
占めた | しめた shimeta: I’ve got it; all right; fine

占師 | うらないし uranaishi: diviner; fortuneteller; soothsayer; palmist



Chinese idiom / proverb
多吃多佔 duo1 chi1 duo1 zhan4
: taking or eating more than one’s due: greedy and selfish

獨佔鰲頭 [独占鳌头] du2 zhan4 ao2 tou2
: to monopolize the turtle head (refers to carved marble steps of the palace); to come first in triennial palace examinations; the champion; the very best in any field

占著茅坑不拉屎 [占着茅坑不拉屎] zhan4 zhe mao2 keng1 bu4 la1 shi3
: lit. to occupy a latrine but not shit (proverb); fig. to be a dog in the manger

 Etymology:
会意 Associative Compound.

Verbalize 囗 (wei2: erect; proud; upright; bald; enclosure radical #31] the omens ⺊ (divination CJK radical)



Historical Variant: 佔



形声 Pictophonetic.

亻 (ren2: person radical 9) suggests the meaning while
占 (zhan1: divine) provides the sound.



簡體 Simplified.
占. Was a historical variant of 佔 which has been promoted to be its simplified form.



 Examples:
本題佔五十分。
ben3 ti2 zhan4 wu3shi2 fen1.
This question counts for 50 points.

Resources: Chinese Dictionary | Japanese Dictionary